Can J Infect Dis Med Microbiol. Mar-Apr;26(2) Empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans: A case report. Edagiz S(1), Lagace-Wiens P(2), Embil . Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia resulting in metastatic osteomyelitis involving the sacrum, spine, and ribs. The emergence of resistance of this organism to. We report a case of recurrent Clostridium bifermentans bacteremia resulting in metastatic osteomyelitis involving the sacrum, spine, and ribs. The emergence of .
|Published (Last):||7 October 2016|
|PDF File Size:||3.54 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||16.71 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Abstract Clostridium bifermentans is a rare pathogen in humans. On chest radiography, a right-sided pneumothorax with right lower lobe consolidation and clostriium pleural fluid was apparent Figure 1.
Gorbach SL, Thadepalli H. She subsequently deteriorated in hospital, with repeat chest radiography demonstrating pulmonary infiltrates and a pneumothorax that appeared to communicate with a cavitary lesion in the chest. JMM Case Reports ; 1—3. Lethal toxin exhibits a marked propensity for inducing rapid morbidity and contributes to the profound capillary leak, hemoconcentration, and toxic shock syndrome often seen in C sordellii infections [ 19 ].
Clostridium sordellii and Clostridium septicum -specific PCR assays were negative. J Infect Dis ; A case of pneumonia with associated empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans is described.
Clostridium bifermentans (Weinberg and Seguin) Bergey et al. ATCC ®
Empyema fluid obtained at the time of surgery was submitted to the microbiology laboratory. Positive immunohistochemical staining dark pink for Clostridium species within areas of endometrial necrosis. These included a contaminated war wound with very poor documentation describing the infection, and a case of food poisoning 78.
Am J Clin Pathol ; clostricium Cultures of the pleural fluid grew C bifermentans and Bacillus cereus. Necrotising pneumonia and empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans. Of these prior reported cases, only 1 infection, presenting with necrotizing pneumonia and empyema, was fatal [ 5 ] 7. It is found in bifdrmentans, soil, and occasionally the intestinal flora of humans. A CT scan of the chest was performed with contrast and this demonstrated a right main pulmonary artery embolus.
Our patient had an endometrial ablation 5 months before her presentation, which was felt to be too distant in time to be a definitive risk factor. The patient was a heavy smoker and reported occasional alcohol consumption. Necrotizing pneumonia and empyema caused by Bacillus cereus and Clostridium bifermentans.
Bone marrow biopsy was negative for malignancy.
On physical examination at the time of presentation, the patient was noted to be febrile, with an oral temperature of A family meeting was convened, life support was withdrawn, and she died shortly thereafter. Clostridium bifermentans is a rare pathogen in humans. Report of a case caused by Clostridium bifermentans and review of the literature.
Thus, the genes accountable for the toxicity towards Anopheles are different than those controlled by the cry bifermmentans rather, the toxins selectively target Aedes mosquito larvae, in which they cause high mortality. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This may suggest that the toxins alluded to above may be present in only a small, lethal subset of strains, although that is also unproven.
She developed profound anasarca, and a repeat pelvic or ophthalmologic exam was unable to be performed because of massive edema.
Clostridium bifermentans – Wikipedia
Bronchial breath sounds were bifrementans at the right lung base, and crepitations were heard with auscultation over the rest of the right lung. An exceptional agent of endocarditis. However, over the past three decades, several case reports have been published in the English language documenting a variety of bifermebtans infectious due to this bacteria.
Alternatively, the infection may have occurred secondary to aspiration, although the patient did not have any risk factors for aspiration specifically identified.
Necrotizing pneumonia and empyema caused by Bacillus cereus and Clostridium bifermentans.
Empyema caused by Clostridium bifermentans: A case report.
Churchill Livingstone Elsevier; Delayed brain abscess related to a retained foreign body with culture of Clostridium bifermentans. The subspecies was part of a collection at the Institute for Medical Research, Malaysia.
Diffuse endometrial necrosis was noted on histopathological examination of the uterus. Arch Intern Med ; Although polymerase chain reaction PCR assay specific for C sordellii was negative, wide-range 16 S PCR assay of endometrial tissue was positive for Clostridium bifermentans.
Clostridium bifermentans panophthalmitis after penetrating eye injury.
Lung tissue obtained at the time of this surgery for aerobic and anaerobic bacterial culture was found to be sterile. Abdominal abscess due to Cardiobacterium hominis and Clostridium bifermentans. The case we now report is quite unique.
J Bone Joint Surg.
Epidemiology of Clostridium species bacteremia in Calgary, Canada, — Liver abscess caused by Clostridium bifermentans following blunt abdominal trauma.
The patient underwent a noncontrast computed tomography CT scan of the abdomen to rule out a subdiaphragmatic abscess in view of the right upper quadrant abdominal pain. Our patient’s course was much more in line with what has previously been described in C sordellii infection, which is well known to cause a fulminant endometritis, typically in young women after medical abortion [ 15 ], although it can occur clostrixium [ 16 ]. He was otherwise nifermentans stable.
Principles and Practice of Clostrisium Diseases. Moreover, within the Clostridium phylogeny, C bifermentans and C sordellii are closely related and were not identified as separate species until [ 21 ]. For commercial re-use, please contact journals. Can J Infect Dis. Bacteriol Rev ;